Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières - BRGM
Website : www.brgm.fr
BRGM, the French Geological Survey, is a research centre of about 850 employees, among them 600 scientists, which embraces most of the activities in the field of applied earth sciences, such as geology, hydrology and hydrogeology, geophysics, environment, civil engineering, etc. This “public institution with industrial and commercial interests” (EPIC) is supervised jointly by the French research, industry and environment ministries. As the foremost French specialist in surface and subsurface conditions, BRGM has, since its creation in 1959, gained a vast international experience that is based on its complete mastery of all aspects of the complex domain of earth sciences. Its Development Planning and Natural Risks Division is composed of about 60 experts in numerous geological hazards (earthquakes, landslides, subsidence, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions and coastal erosion) and is involved in many national, European and worldwide research, public service and commercial projects concerning evaluation and mitigation of risk. In this respect, BRGM has developed risk assessment methodologies on active volcanoes in French West Indies and just finished a multi-hazard risk mapping project on Mount Cameroun, in cooperation with Cameroonian government (GRINP project).
Instituto Superior Tecnico - IST
Website : http://www.ist.utl.pt/
IST is the leading higher education school of Engineering of Portugal, with a strong emphasis on technological research and development. IST is a member of various European networks of prestigious schools in Engineering, Science and Technology, such as CLUSTER, TIME, and CESAER. Research and services contribute to about half of the IST turnover. IST hosts several research units, among which ICIST (66 Ph.D’s, Natural Hazards, Land Use Planning and Geomatics among others) and IT (99 Ph.D’s, research in telecommunications).
Laboratoire de Géographie Physique - CNRS
Website : http://www.lgp.cnrs-bellevue.fr/
The Laboratory of Physical Geography (LGP) is a Mixed Research Unit (UMR 8591) linked to both the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and the Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne. LGP includes over 50 researchers and technical staff. It examines the structure of, and processes at work in, natural and human environments, the interactions among them, and approaches to geographical investigation. Understanding the processes shaping environmental and societal development over space and time leads to an interpretation and explanation of the Earth's surface at local, regional and global levels. Our research findings are applied to environmental management in various physical, cultural, political and socio-economic contexts.
Website : http://www.nilu.no/
Norwegian Institute for Air Research, NILU, is an independent research institute founded in 1969. The institute conducts environmental research with emphasis on the sources of airborne pollution, atmospheric transport, transformation and deposition and is also involved in the assessment of the effects of pollution on ecosystems, human health and materials. A main priority for NILU is to provide scientific facts on the quantitative relationships between these factors, and at the same time make the results available in user friendly manners for decision-makers. NILU plays a central part in preventive environmental research and has strategic knowledge significant to the public environmental administration.
Website : http://www.kell.it/
Kell S.r.l. is an Italian SME, member of ASAS, Association for Services, Applications and ICT for Space, Federcomin-Confindustria, Italy. Kell is certificated ISO 9001:2000 for multimedia software systems production, development and commercialization. Kell major areas of activity are: Earth Observation, Aviation Navigation. Telemedicine, Tele-education, Software and TLC network integration, Internet Services. Kell participates in Kell AVIO S.r.l., a start-up company dedicated to the development of innovative aviation services, born in 2005 in the frame of the ESA, European Space Agency and Italian Lazio Region (BIC Lazio) Programme "ITech Spazio".
Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores Investigação e Desenvolvimento em Lisboa - INESC-ID
Website : http://www.inesc-id.pt/
INESC-D - Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores, Investigação e Desenvolvimento em Lisboa (Institute for Systems and Computer Engineering, Research and Development in Lisbon) is a not for profit, privately owned, institution, with the status of "utilidade pública", dedicated to advanced research and development in the domains of electronics, telecommunications and information technologies. INESC-ID was created in 2000 and was awarded the status of "Laboratório Associado" in December of 2004. INESC-ID is owned by Instituto Superior Técnico and by Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas and Computadores. It integrates more than 70 PhDs and 100 pos-graduation students working in one of the five main action lines: Information and decision support systems; Communication networks and mobility; Virtual interactive environments; Embedded electronic systems; Computational processing of the Portuguese language.
Hohenheim Universität - UHOH
Website : https://www.uni-hohenheim.de/
The Hohenheim University has a long tradition in tropical agriculture and natural resources management. The research of about 20 institutes is coordinated by the Centre for Agriculture in the Tropics and Subtropics including microbiology, landscape ecology, plant and animal production, plant and animal breeding, agricultural engineering, agricultural economics and social sciences. The Institute for Soil Science and Land Evaluation (IBS) has four departments: General Soil Science and Mineralogy, Biogeophysics, Soil Chemistry and Soil Biology, with experience in tropical agriculture and natural resource management at local and regional scale: water and nutrient management, soil database and GIS, land degradation through erosion and nutrient mining, modelling of water and nutrient balances in relation to crop production, land evaluation and land use planning, nutrient cycles including gaseous emissions. The institute also has a long tradition in volcanic soils research. Fields of interest range from research on volcanic minerals and physico-chemical soil properties to the influence of air borne volcanic ashes in soils. Work areas comprise the volcanoes and volcanic soils on the Canary Islands, Southern Italy and Latin America.
University of Cambridge - UCAM
Website : http://www.cam.ac.uk/
The University of Cambridge has an outstanding reputation for research and teaching in a wide range of disciplines. As reflected in the University’s performance in the last UK Research Assessment Exercise (RAE), Cambridge is outstanding for the range of its research of international standard (48 of 51 departments graded of "international excellence" in the 2001 RAE). The Department of Geography is a flourishing and expanding academic community committed to high standards of research. Its members employ a wide range of mathematical, computational, experimental, and field-based approaches to environmental science. Much of the output of has profound implications for areas of public policy – e.g., in climate change, risk mitigation, agriculture, conservation, and resource management – implying strong links running from fundamental science into policy-related research in the social sciences. The Cambridge Volcanology Group (CVG) comprises staff in several University departments (Geography, Earth Sciences, Applied Mathematics, BP Institute, Chemistry, Architecture, Engineering, Public Health) and a large number of postgraduate and postdoctoral researchers contributing to international excellence in the fields of volcano dynamics, igneous petrology, gas geochemistry, remote sensing, volcano hazards and risk mitigation, and volcano-atmosphere-climate interactions.
Direction de la Défense et de la Sécurité Civile - DSC
Website : http://www.interieur.gouv.fr/sections/a_l_interieur/defense_et_securite_civiles
As a branch of the French Interior Minister, the French Directorate of Civil Defence and Security (Direction de la Défense et de la Sécurité civiles, French Civil Defence, DDSC) is the national focal organisation responsible for risk management in France. This includes the management of daily accidents as well as major natural and human made disasters.
DDSC is placed under the authority of a defence senior official. Its headquarters are based in Asnière sur Seine. It accounts for 2 500 civil and military public workers, established in 60 different facilities, which gathers a wide spectrum of professional skills. At the local scale, this personnel manage crisis. This personnel works jointly with other ministries, in particular those of Defence, Health, Environment and Transports, in order to mobilize experts, specialized workers and equipment in an emergency situation. In some cases, they are mandated by the French government to support countries affected by natural disaster.
Dipartimento della Protezione Civile - Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri - DPC
Website : http://www.protezionecivile.it/
DPC, the Civil Protection Department of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, is the focal point of the Civil Protection National System, which includes Research Institutes, Private Companies, Volunteers and all Italian operative Forces. The main activities are: forecasting, in order to analyse causes of disaster events, to identify risks and detect risky areas; prevention, to reduce disaster damages; assistance, to ensure elementary aid to the population; management and overcoming of the emergency situations.
National Meteorological and Geophysical Institute - INMG
The National Institute for Meteorology and Geophysics of Cape Verde (INMG) exists since August 2000. The main proposes of INMG are to: provide information about the weather situation and forecast, climate evolution study in Cape Verde; perform air quality monitoring; develop geophysical monitoring network mainly for volcano monitoring. The geophysical activities started in 2002. The initial activities were, jointly with ISCIST-IST (Lisbon), the seismic and ground deformation (tilt data) monitoring of Fogo. Since then Geophysical Department of INMG is developing, with already some successful results, a monitoring strategy and alert level scheme for Fogo Volcano. The other main challenge is the deployment of a seismic network in Cape Verde.
Ministry of Industry, Mines and Technological Development - MINIMIDT
The Ministry of Industry, Mines and Technological Development is the public body in charge of the design, and define the policy in the field of natural risks in Cameroon. The department of Mines and Geology deals with the technical aspects of this topic. Its main fields of preoccupation are:
- the production of geological, mining and thematic maps in collaboration with specialized national and international institutions;
- the study of natural risks, the design and the implementation of monitoring measures for the protection of populations, infrastructures and properties in collaboration with concerned governmental bodies administrations;
- the establishment and the strengthening of partnership and agreements with specialized Institutions at national as well as international levels;
- the organisation and holding of reflection works in the objectives of defining strategies policy and alleviation measures in natural hazards reduction
- the data collection, storage, handling, and update in the domain of natural risks in the country;
- the edition and the printing of maps
- the design, on the basis of the hazard assessment and vulnerability analysis, the guidelines to be followed by the local authorities in charge of the safe development of exposed areas
- the Seeking for external support (technical, infrastructural, financial…) in the domain of natural risk and hazards prevention and alleviations.
In collaboration with the National Institute of Cartography (INC), the MINIMIDT contributes to the ordering, reception, preparation and analysis of satellite images, the production of spatial maps and the collection, exploitation and storage of aero photographs.
Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation - CVGHM
Website : http://portal.vsi.esdm.go.id/
The establishment of Volcanological Survey of Indonesia dates back to 1920, one year after the catastrophic eruption of Mount Kelut (which killed more than 5.000 people). The core of CVGHM was the Volcano Observation Section, part of the Jawatan Pertambangan (Bureau of Mines). The main tasks of this section is to investigate and to provide advises in minimizing the disaster and effects of volcanic eruptions. After the construction of permanent volcano observatories on several active volcanoes, volcanologists began to monitor volcanic activity by various methods. At Merapi volcano, a mechanical seismograph, Wiechert, was installed in 1924. It was useful in monitoring explosive activity between 1930 to 1933. After 1961, the Volcano Observation Section grew in terms of manpower and instrumentation, and it became a division in the Directorate of Geology. In 1980, this division was promoted to be Directorate of Volcanology and now is known as Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (CVGHM). It is a part of the Directorate General of Geology and Mineral Resources, under the Ministry of Mines and Energy. In order to minimize disaster of life and property caused by volcanic eruptions, the CVGHM continue to advance observations and monitoring techniques on active volcanoes. The old techniques and instruments introduced by Dutch volcanologists have been progressively modified and upgraded step by step. After 1995, 65 observation posts on 60 volcanoes in Indonesia were established. All of these observatories were equipped by at least one seismograph. At more active volcanoes more seismographs were installed, i.e. Merapi, were instrumented up to 9 seismograph stations.
Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology - PHIVOLCS
Website : http://www.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/
The Philippines Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) is the government agency mandated to investigate any phenomenon related to volcanoes and earthquakes. It is focused on its determination to save lives and mitigate volcano and earthquake-related disasters from reoccurring. Its duties and responsibilities include the development of techniques for monitoring of volcanoes and earthquakes and related hazards including tsunamis.
PHIVOLCS has been mandated to perform the following functions:
- Predict the occurrence of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes and their geotectonic phenomena;
- Determine how eruptions and earthquakes shall occur and also areas likely to be affected;
- Exploit the positive aspects of volcanoes and volcanic terrain in furtherance of the socio-economic development efforts of the government;
- Generate sufficient data for forecasting volcanic eruptions and earthquakes;
- Formulate appropriate disaster-preparedness and mitigation plans;
- Mitigate hazards of volcanic activities through appropriate detection, forecast and warning system.